CONNECTS GRIFFITH AVENUE TO CROYDON GARDENS AND CROYDON PARK
On Google maps the spelling is Turlogh Parade rather than Turlough Parade and I could not find a street sign in order to confirm the spelling. I checked Apple Maps and the spelling is Turlough.
On arriving I asked a local the name of the park and she responded by telling me that it was the upper circle Marino. I later learned Marino has two large circular greens. Broadly speaking, each one is called The Circle but for the purpose of distinguishing between them there are various other names such as the Upper Circle [Croydon Gardens] and the Bottom Circle [Marino park].
I was unaware of this exact location until today [13 August 2022] even though I had heard of Croydon Park House.
The area where Croydon House once stood is now part of a suburb on the Northside of the city known as Marino.
Marino is approximately 15 minutes’ drive from the National Library of Ireland. The Irish Citizen Army was founded in November 1913. New recruits were drilled at Croydon Park. Croydon House was demolished in the mid-1920s to make way for the Marino housing scheme. Several modern street names in the residential neighbourhood retain the Croydon name.
The townland of Marino was carved out of the townland of Donnycarney which was granted to the Corporation of Dublin following the dissolution of The Priory of All Hallows in the reign of King Henry VIII. In 1787, it was described by English writer Richard Lewis as “a small village a mile beyond Drumcondra and two-and-a-half miles from Dublin Castle.”
The well-known Casino was built in 1759 as a summer house in the grounds of Marino House, demolished in the 1920s. A tunnel linking it to the main house for servants’ use is where Michael Collins and his men carried out tests with their first Thompson sub-machine gun. The Asgard guns are believed to have been hidden here. The area was full of members of the Irish Citizens’ Army. Jim Larkin lived in Croydon Park House and Countess Markiewicz and James Connolly were frequent visitors.
ROTUNDA RINK MEMORIAL AT PARNELL SQUARE NEAR THE GATE THEATRE
Google Maps describes this as “1916 Site Of Rotund Rink” but on the copper plaque the date is 1913.
Unfortunately there is a lot of lens flare my photographs of this memorial because I used a very wide-angle lens and the sunlight was somewhat overpowering.
Oglaigh na hÉireann was founded in the Rotunda Rink and the neighbouring garden on 25th November 1913. The Rotunda Rink, was a temporary building in the Rotunda Gardens capable of holding 4,000.
25 November – The pro-Home Rule Irish Volunteers are formed at a meeting attended by 4,000 men in Dublin’s Rotunda Rink.
On 19th November 1913, James Larkin and James Connolly established the Irish Citizen Army as a force to protect workers from the excesses of the Dublin Metropolitan Police. It had a membership of about 350, the majority being members of Unions.
The Irish Volunteers, Óglaigh na hÉireann, was founded on 25th November 1913 at a public meeting held in the Rotunda Rink in Dublin. It emerged in response to an article, ‘The North Began’ written by Eoin MacNeill in the Gaelic League paper ‘An Claidheamh Soluis’. The Volunteers included members of the Gaelic League, Ancient Order of Hibernians and Sinn Féin, and, secretly, the IRB and its ranks numbered up to 100,000 at one point.
At the time of WW1 the Irish Volunteers broke into two distinct bodies. The National Volunteers, under the direction of John Redmond, went to fight in the Great War; the Irish Volunteers, under the direction of men such as Patrick Pearse and Eoin McNeill, stayed in Ireland and went on to join forces with The Irish Citizens Army in the 1916 Uprising.